1. Use Plant Nutrients
Carbohydrates (sugars) play a vital role during the plant’s flowering stage. It would, therefore, be advisable to supplement supply for the same if looking to have dense and large buds with higher terpene and resin levels. Purchase terpenes from a cannabis terpene manufacturer. These sugars are mostly on demand during the cannabis plant’s bud fattening stage, which is halfway in the blooming cycle. Since plants won’t absorb sugars directly, all you can do is encourage them to synthesize sugars on their own. This can be done by reducing/eliminating nitrogen levels in the last two weeks of the flowering stage. Lack of nitrogen triggers increased production of sugars naturally.
It is with increased absorption of nutrients from the soil that the cannabis plant can boost its sugar levels for metabolism. This also ensures the plant is healthy and resistant to diseases as well. JEWEL, a plant nutrient, contains 0% nitrogen, hence can be used throughout the plant’s flowering stage for improved production of terpenes.
2. Use Soil
Although aquaponic and hydroponic setups provide an excellent way to grow cannabis, nothing beats soil when it comes to ensuring the plant gets all the nutrients it needs. Soil is considerably the best medium to grow cannabis, with high-quality soil providing a steady stream of plant nutrients and minerals. Good soil also helps ensure alkaline and pH levels are just right to facilitate optimal absorption of plant nutrients required for budding and terpene production.
JEWEL (a concentrated plant nutrient) can be used in various soil types to boost terpene production. The charts outlined below show how many milliliters of JEWEL can be used per gallon of water, in various stages of cannabis growth. It can be used as a foliar during vegetation and the first 2 weeks of flowering. One, however, needs to monitor soil pH levels after spraying the plants with foliar as it could alter pH levels slightly. All you need to do is ensure the pH is between 5.5 and 6.5.
3. Use Branch Pinching or Low-Stress Training
Stressing the plants lightly is known to boost terpene levels too. You, however, should be careful not to stress them too much as this could lead to lower quality yields. One of the best and recommended ways to stress test your cannabis plants is by pinching the stalk of a branch or even reposition the branches in such a way that they don’t get lots of sunlight. Trimming the lower branches and especially during the flowering stage, may also help increase terpenes.
4. Control Light Intensity
Light is one of the critical elements required for terpene production. That said, you can manipulate the light intensity to help the plant produce more terpenes. The plant’s trichomes help protect the plant/leaves from too much light, something that can be controlled if growing your plants indoors. Exposing the plants to UV-B rays for 2-3 weeks during the flowering stage helps boost terpene and trichome production significantly. If you, however, are growing cannabis outdoors, you then should ensure they are adequately spaced so that the cola is exposed to enough light.
5. Control Humidity Levels
Dropping humidity levels in the flowering room to at least 30% from 50% can help increase terpene production. The reduced humidity levels stress the plant a bit, forcing it to take up as many nutrients as they can. Lower humidity levels also discourage molds growth during flowering. You’ll, however, need to increase humidity levels to at least 45% during budding to ensure the buds are tastier and with more terpenes.