Cannabigerol is one of more than 120 known cannabinoids found in cannabis plant. It is a minor constituent, stands out as more significant than all the others. This cannabinoid can help treat serious health conditions and illnesses.
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While tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the most well-known of all the cannabinoid compounds found in cannabis, cannabigerol (CBG), which is a minor constituent, stands out as more significant than all the others.
What is cannabigerol?
Cannabigerol is one of more than 120 known cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It is a non-psychoactive in nature. This cannabinoid can help treat serious health conditions and illnesses.
CBG is a non-acidic cannabinoid produced when the heat is applied to the cannabigerolic acid. Almost all of the CBG is converted to tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol during the growth period.
How is cannabigerol made?
In the cannabis plant, CBG can be found in the form of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), which is the precursor to the three main cannabinoid lines: tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabichromenic acid (CBCA), and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA). CBGA breaks down into these three branches of cannabinoid through specific enzymes known as synthases as the cannabis plant matures.
All of these cannabinoids lose one carbon group through a process known as decarboxylation, which happens whenever cannabis is heated by UV light or heat energy. They are then transformed into the cannabinoids we know: CBG, CBD, THC, and CBC.
What Are CBG’s Potential Health Benefits?
The main reason why cannabinoids are believed to have a positive effect on humans is because of the body’s built-in endocannabinoid system. The ECS contains CB1 and CB2 receptors, endocannabinoids (eCB) and enzymes. The endocannabinoid system performs different functions specific to each area of the body. When the cannabinoids bind with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, it causes the inhibition or the release of neurotransmitters. In this way, it regulates mood, health and cognitive function. The eCS is thought to provide more immune-related benefits.
Other therapeutic benefits of CBG are:
l FOR EYES: CBG is scientifically effective for glaucoma. It is a potent vasodilator and it reduces the intraocular pressure.
l ANTIBIOTIC EFFECT: There is an antibiotic effect associated with CBG. It works great against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) microbial strains resistant to several classes of drugs. That is why CBG is used in many topical formulations intended for several skin issues.
l IMMUNE RELATED EFFECTS: It is effective for treating inflammatory bowel syndrome ( chronic inflammation of the digestive tract.) and Hungtington’s disease (a genetic disorder that causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain).
l ANTI-DEPRESSANT EFFECT: It has great antidepressant properties.
l MUSCLE RELAXANT: CBG is showing great promise as a muscle relaxant than both CBD and THC because of increased inhibition GABA uptake.
l ANTI-CANCER: American research shows evidence that CBG is really effective in fighting cancer. In one study, it greatly reduced the size of colorectal cancer and inhibited further growth.